Co-Production: A Literature Review and Environmental Scan
Durham College, Municipality of Durham Social Services Department, (2016). Co-Production: A Literature Review and Environmental Scan. DURHAM COLLEGE & DURHAM REGION.
A useful “state of play” essay that acknowledges the many forms co-production can take and the challenges it faces – both in terms of application and evaluation. Also useful for links to scholarly works that examine the subject.
Activating Citizens to Participate in Collective Co-Production of Public Services
Bovaird. T., Van Ryzin, G.G., Loeffler, E., Parrado, ., (2015). Activating Citizens to Participate in Collective Co-Production of Public Services. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
Designing Public Participation Services
Bryson, JM., Quick, KS., Crosby, BC., Schively-Slotterback, C., (2013). Designing Public Participation Services. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW.
A general explanation of the various methods on undertaking Public Participation.
Evaluating Co-Production: Pragmatic Approaches to Building the Evidence Base
Durose, C., Mangam, C., Needham, C., Rees, J. (2014). Evaluating Co-Production: Pragmatic Approaches to Building the Evidence Base.
A summary paper examining the issues surrounding how co-production is evidenced in an objective and quantifiable, cost effective manner.
Co-production: an emerging evidence base for adult social care transformation
Needham C. and Carr S. (2009) Co-production: an emerging evidence base for adult social care transformation , SCIE
This SCIE research briefing outlines the role of co-production in adult social care services. The evidence highlights that:
- Different types of co-production in social care can fit on a scale from ‘descriptive’ models, to truly ‘transformative’ models.
- Descriptive models in social care understand that care services cannot be produced without input from the people who use services, but are concerned with little more than service-user compliance – whether by choice or imposition.
- Intermediate models involve a much fuller recognition and valuing of the many people who together co-produce care outcomes, with an emphasis on mutual respect.
- Transformative models of co-production have the potential to create new relationships between the people who use services and staff. These models reposition service users as experts and ask what assets they can contribute to collaborative relationships which will transform provision. They take ‘a whole life focus’ which incorporates broader quality of life issues, rather than just clinical or service issues.
The paper concludes that the transformative approach can come closest to fulfilling the demands of the ‘Putting people first’ adult social care transformation agenda.